Danube is the second-longest river of Europe (after the Volga).
It rises in Germany, then crosses Austria (it waters Vienna),
Slovakia (it waters Bratislava) and Hungary (it crosses
Budapest). It then forms the serbo-croatian border, crosses Serbia
and waters Belgrade. The river then forms the border between Romania (North)
and Bulgaria (South). It then enters Romania, forms a part of the
border with Ukraine before entering the Black Sea through a large
swampy delta which is an important natural reserve.
: 1 770
mi (2 850 km)
Basin area : more than 312 000 sq mi (800 000 sq
Flow at the mouth : 6 500 m3/s
Main tributaries : Inn, Drave, Tisza, Save, Morava,
Main human constructions : Gabcikovo dam: in 1992,
Czechoslovakia diverted a part of the Danube waters into a 15 miles-long
(24 km) canal to make the hydroelectric turbines of the Gabcikovo dam
run. It had very serious ecological consequences in Hungary./ The Danube
is linked to the Rhine by the Rhine Main Danube Canal (Europa-Kanal).
The Canal enables the communication between the Black Sea and the North
Sea./ Numerous hydroelectric dams (Iron
Gate, Upper Danube in Austria
more information :
Danube Carpathian Program (ext)