1993 - January: "The Loire
estuary, a zone to be reconquered". Loire Vivante publishes a brochure
about the numerous dangers which the estuary faces, especially as the
port of Nantes authorities want to enlarge the docks.
- February: 4th anniversary of the Serre de la
Fare dam site. The site is guarded night and day.
- April: Naussac II public inquiry. After campaigning
to publicize the public inquiry, SOS Loire Vivante collects 6 800 depositions
unfavorable to the project.
- May 13, 14, 15: Representatives of the EPALA
visit the different dam projects locations. The different Loire Vivante
associations demonstrate to "welcome" them: 150 people in Le Veurdre,
200 in Serre de la Fare.
- May 25: First meeting Loire Vivante/Michel Barnier, the new
Environment Minister, in Paris.
- June: Petition campaign to have the Poutès-Monistrol
dam on the upper Allier river demolished because it hampers the salmon
migration to their spawning grounds. This operation is launched with
the clothing company Patagonia, the AIDSA (International Association
for the Defense of Atlantic Salmon) and the magazines "Le Pêcheur
Professionnel" ("The Professionnal Fisherman") and "Grand Air".
- July 9: An agreement is signed between SOS Loire
Vivante and the Fishermen's Federation of Haute-Loire to restore the
Bonnefont farm and turn it into a fishing lodge.
- July: "Stop destroying the Loire valley". Loire
Vivante Touraine and a local association SOS Val de Loire, supported
by the WWF and SOS Loire Vivante, realize a brochure to oppose that
the highway Angers-Tours is built right in the Loire floodplain in Langeais,
on the middle Loire. The authorities will end up abandoning the idea
of this passage on the floodplain.
- July 15: The Environment Minister visits the
Serre de la Fare dam site. SOS Loire Vivante is invited to participate
in the negociation to "find a solution for a safety without dam". Michel
Barnier also holds different meetings along the Loire river to discuss
the issue and announces that a global decision will be announced in
the fall of 93.
- July 17: rock concert in Serre de la Fare. For
the fourth year, SOS Loire Vivante organizes a rock concert on the occupied
dam site, with local and regional bands. Each concert has been attended
by approximately 400 people. SOS has also organized many other concerts
in support of its action: one filling up the Le Puy theater (600 people)
and another one, also in Le Puy, attracting about 1000 spectators.
- August: "A trip through the heart of the Loire".
Two groups of cyclists, one leaving from the source and the other from
the estuary, totalling about 200 participants, meet at the geographical
heart of the Loire, after making an inventory of the positive actions
taken for the river.
- August 30: The Naussac II is state-approved
(the "DUP" is signed) by the "préfets" of Haute-Loire and Lozère.
- September: In support of a campaign launched
by the Green Party and following a government communication about water
policy suggesting that the concessions of some hydro-electric dams may
not be renewed, Loire Vivante launches a campaign for the demolition
of the dams of Saint-Etienne du Vigan and Poutès-Monistrol on
the upper Allier river and Maisons-Rouges on the Vienne river (another
tributary of the Loire).
- October: Several associations file a lawsuit
against the Naussac II's state-approval.
- October 12: Flood of the Loire. It shows the improvement of
the flood-alert and emergency systems.
- December 3 and 4: "Of salmon and men" colloquium
in Brioude, on the upper Allier river. SOS Loire Vivante invites all
the people involved in the future of the Loire-Allier atlantic salmon
(professional and recreational fishermen, associations, administration,
EDF--the French electricity company--, foreign specialists) to find
a consensus and launch an emergency program to save the species from
- December 7: Ten demonstrators who had entered
the Poutès-Monistrol power station are sentenced to heavy fines
by the court, after EDF filed a suit against them. They file an appeal.
- December: SOS Loire Vivante sends the last 16
000 petitions against Serre de la Fare. On the whole, in 5 years, the
petition has been signed by 160 000 people.
1994 - January 4: government
decision, announced by Michel Barnier. This plan, called Plan
Loire Grandeur Nature reinforces the positions of SOS Loire Vivante
and Loire Vivante.
- Serre de la Fare : the government confirms the decision to
abandon the project and to implement the ideas of the 4th solution :
works, amounting to 150 million francs, will be launched in Brives-Charensac
to protect the population from flooding. These works imply that the
buildings of three businesses, located in the river's bed and impeding
the free passage of water during floods, will be transplanted elsewhere.
- The Le Veurdre project is postponed : the final decision will
be taken after a 5-year-long global study is led on the efficiency of
alternative measures on the floods of the middle Loire (dykes' reinforcement,
Allier riverbed restoration)
- Chambonchard is approved on a
50 million m3 basis. However, if the local authorities are authorized
to increase its capacity up to 70/80 Mm3 at their own expense.
du Vigan on the Upper Allier and Maisons-Rouges on the Vienne river
will be dismantled in order to open the passage for salmon migration..
- On the estuary, the Donges-Est wetlands are left to the authorities
of the port, who intends to extend the harbor onto this area. In exchange,
the port will have to restore other wetlands and to set up a protection
- A program to restore natural zones is launched, part of which
are the LIFE-Loire measures, which have already been created. New natural
reserves will be created in La Charité-sur-Loire et in the middle
- January 12: Fire on the dam site, while two
members of SOS Loire Vivante are present. After a two-week investigation,
the police arrests three suspects, from a neighboring village and known
to favor the dam. Although SOS Loire Vivante had decided to leave the
site after the government decision of January 4th, members still guarded
it against possible damages until the official departure.
- February 11: The Serre de la Fare state-approval ("DUP")
expires after 5 years. SOS Loire Vivante and the people who had been
expropriated can regain their land.
- February 13: Official end of the Serre de
la Fare site occupation, after exactly 5 years, 1825 days and nights.
The campsite is cleaned out and left to its natural beauty.
- March 1rst : Meeting with Michel Barnier
about the implementation of the Loire Grandeur Nature program.
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