Back to the
The Yusufeli dam and hydro-electric project is planned to be built
on the Coruh river
North East Turkey. It would form part of a wider scheme on the
- the associated Artvin dam would be built later in a second phase,
and two other
dams at Borcka and Muratli form separate projects. The Yusufeli
dam would take
7.8 years to construct and would have a generating capacity of
The Yusufeli project would directly affect 15,000 people, mostly
Georgians, forcing many of them from their homes. Up to another
15,000 people could
also be indirectly affected. 18 towns and villages, including
the town of Yusufeli, will
be completely or partially submerged by the dam. Much archaeological
would also be lost: Yusufeli's history includes the Barhal church,
and church, Demirkent fortress and church, Cevreli-Meydan citadel
fortress. The Yusufeli dam would also have negative impacts on
the Coruh river
and its surrounding environment which currently remains undisturbed.
surrounding the river is rich in wildlife, including threatened
red vultures, brown
bear, wild boar, wolf, jackal, and pine marten.
Impact Assessment and Resettlement
Assessments and proposals for the construction of the four dams
power plants were based solely on technical and economic criteria.
concerns that the natural environment and social impacts were not
assessed. In addition, assessments were carried out in 1985 and
have not been
updated to reflect changed conditions in the region.
The UK Government is refusing to release the Environmental Impact
(EIA) and the Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) for Yusufeli, denying
both the British
public and locally affected communities their right to scrutinise
and comment upon
the environmental, social and economic impacts of the dam. Reports
from the region
suggest that resettlement is being pushed ahead without public consultation.
elsewhere in Turkey, such as the Birecik and Attaturk dams, have
been plagued by
resettlement problems. These include lack of adequate consultation
numbers of those displaced being left worse off than before, in
contravention of international standards.